Since April 1st 2008, Local Safeguarding Children Board's (LSCBs) in England have had a statutory responsibility for child death review processes.
The relevant legislation is enshrined within the Children Act 2004, and applies to all young people under the age of 18 years. The processes to be followed when a child dies are currently outlined within Working Together to Safeguard Children 2015.
The overall purpose of the child death review process is to understand how and why children die, to put in place interventions to protect other children and to prevent future deaths.
Working Together 2015 states that 'The LSCB is responsible for ensuring that a review of each death of a child normally resident in the LSCB’s area is undertaken by a CDOP. The CDOP will have a fixed core membership drawn from organisations represented on the LSCB with flexibility to co-opt other relevant professionals to discuss certain types of death as and when appropriate.'
Foundation for the Study of Infant Deaths leaflet: The child death review - a guide for parents and carers.